Glass Jar Butter Churns Page 1
These are all Dandy four quart butter churns. They were made by the Taylor Brothers Churn & Manufacturing Company of Saint Louis, Missouri. Earlier this company had made the Reliable churn found on the stoneware page. The first two butter churns on the left have identical jars and tops but the paddles are different. The first just has a flat piece of wood with holes drilled in it. The second has two slanting paddles attached to a wood center section. There was a patent issued to James Flaherty of St. Louis, Missouri for a churn dasher very similar to the one pictured on the second churn from the left. That patent was dated April 12, 1921. We cannot definitively connect this patent or James Flaherty to the Taylor Brothers Churn & Manufacturing Company but we suspect a connection. This dasher design is unique and only found on this Dandy butter churn. The glass jars on these butter churns have no embossing on the sides. There was no indication of the quart size or the company name embossed on the glass, only a paper label supplied that information (picture). The bottom of the jar is embossed with the HA logo of Hazel-Atlas who made the jars and a mold mark of K4249 preceded by various numbers. The directions for the first butter churn on the left list a 2, 4 and 8 quart replacement jar. We have seen a 2 quart butter churn (picture) that has very similar characteristics to these that has a label saying DANDY CHURN MFD. BY TAYLOR BROS. CHURN & MFG. CO. ST. LOUIS MO. U.S.A. on the lid (picture). The second butter churn from the left was advertised in the 1939 catalog of Dunham, Carrigan & Hayden Company, a San Francisco, California hardware wholesaler. That year these butter churns were only offered in a four quart size and the whole sale price was $3.00.
We have seen a version of the second butter churn with the backside of the large gear embossed OLD KENTUCKY HOME BELKNAP LOUISVILLE (picture). The paper label on this particular butter churn said Old Kentucky Home, Belknap Hardware & Mfg. Co., Louisville, Kentucky. Belknap Hardware & Mfg. Co. was a large wholesale hardware company established in 1840 and Old Kentucky Home was one of their brand names. They most likely contracted with Taylor Brothers Churn & Manufacturing Company to make them a butter churn and Taylor Bros. used their Dandy churn with a custom gear to fill the order.
In 1945 Taylor Brothers Churn & Manufacturing Company was purchased by Jack P. Dazey Jr., whose grandfather had started the Dazey Churn & Manufacturing Company. The last two butter churns on the right are examples of the Dandy Deluxe Churn produced by the firm at that time. The third churn is a four quart and the last churn is two quarts. The labels on these butter churns state, QUICK . . . EASY FULLY GUARANTEED DESIGNED BY J. P. DAZEY JR. Even though this company was a competitor of the Dazey Churn & Manufacturing Company the use of the Dazey name probably was a positive sales factor. The glass jars on these butter churns were also made by Hazel-Atlas and again had no embossing on the sides to indicate the company name or the quart size. The bottom is embossed with the HA logo and the mold number 5238 on the four quart and 5275 on the two quart. A 1948 advertisement from Taylor Brothers Churn & Manufacturing Company listed a 2, 4 and 8 quart size. These butter churns were listed in the 1949 catalog of Baker-Hamilton, a San Francisco, California hardware wholesaler, in 4 and 8 quart sizes. The four quart wholesaled for $3.73 and the eight quart was $4.58. These prices were about 25 percent below the price of a Dazey red top butter churn in the same catalog.
Later versions of these red covered churns will no longer have Jack P. Dazey Jr.'s name on the label and the company name is Taylor Churn Company of Columbus, Mississippi (picture). The jars will be the tulip shaped jars of the Standard Churn Company but the SCC embossing on the base has been replaced by 4MO on the 4 quart and 8MO on the 8 quart churn. In 1964 Taylor Churn Company was listed as a division of Landers, Frary and Clark which had also purchased the Dazey Corporation in 1954. Dazey Corporation had purchased the Standard Churn Company by 1950 and was also using the reworked Standard Churn Company jars on it's churns too. To save costs both Landers, Frary and Clark subsidiaries must have settled on a common jar.
Click here to go to the page with the Dazey Price Churn that also used a Hazel-Atlas jar with a K4249 mold mark.
Click here to go to the page with the Reliable Churn made by the Taylor Brothers Churn & Manufacturing Company.
Click here to go to the page with the Dazey butter churn made by Landers, Frary and Clark.
These are all variations of The Home Butter Maker made by Kohler Die & Specialty Company. The Kohler Die & Specialty Company was founded in 1889 in Chicago, Illinois and moved its factory to DeKalb, Illinois in 1915. The company also manufactured roller and ice skates as well as gas stoves and heaters. This company is listed in Chicago, Illinois for the churn on the far left and DeKalb, Illinois for the second and third churn. The model on the left has all the paperwork taped to the glass and was never used. This model was sold by Sears, Roebuck and Company in their 1912 through 1914 catalogs. It was introduced at a price of $1.98 but the price actually dropped to $1.48 towards the end of 1913. It only came in one size, approximately a gallon. We believe this was the first glass jar butter churn sold by Sears. On this butter churn the jar had no threads. The churn instructions said that eliminating the threads made the churn more sanitary. In reality this churn was very messy since there was no way to seal the churn and keep cream from leaking out when churning. Also the lack of threads resulted in many jars being broken. The glass jar was unmarked, only the gear was stamped THE HOME BUTTER MAKER TRADEMARK MANUFACTURED BY KOHLER D. & S. CO CHICAGO U.S.A. We have seen versions of this butter churn with a similar top on a metal container. These butter churns have also been found listing A. D. Foyer & Company of Chicago, U.S.A. as the manufacturer.
The second butter churn from the left was sold by Sears, Roebuck and Company in their 1915 through spring of 1922 catalogs and replaced the model with no threads. In the Sears advertisement they mention two special new features. One was the threaded lid and the other was the supporting handle to hold the churn. Both these features were missing on the butter churn on the far left and were a huge improvement. This churn also came only in a one gallon size and was priced at $1.48 when it was introduced in 1915. Sears boasted of the fact that this new improved version was the same price as the old version it replaced. The price of this butter churn rose to $2.98 in the 1920 and 1921 Sears catalogs but it dropped to $2.50 in 1922 before it was discontinued. There is no reference to a patent on any of these churns but a patent was granted that pictured the second butter churn from the left. This patent was issued on March 18, 1924 and the inventor was William Hall of Cicero, Illinois and he assigned the patent to the Kohler Die & Specialty Company of DeKalb, Illinois. The patent was applied for in 1917, which explains how Sears was selling these butter churns before the patent date. The patent papers say that this butter churn was designed to economize the amount of material employed in its construction. All the parts were stamped steel and were spot welded with no use of rivets. There were no cast parts on the churn. Likewise there were no wood parts except the crank handle. This was advertised as a sanitation advantage since there was no wood to absorb butter and become rancid. The patent papers also state that this butter churn was primarily designed to make milk charged butter (a mixture of butter and sweet milk) but that it would also churn butter from cream. Again the glass jar was not marked but the gear was stamped THE HOME BUTTER MAKER TRADEMARK PAT APLD FOR KOHLER DIE & SPECIALTY CO. DEKALB, ILL. U.S.A.
Beginning with their fall of 1922 catalog, Sears, Roebuck & Company must have contracted with the Standard Churn Company to sell their glass jar butter churns (shown below) and discontinued selling the Kohler Die & Specialty Company's butter churns. Sears, Roebuck & Company was very sensitive to price and the Standard Churn Company churns were able to be sold at a lower price. This must have been a huge blow to the sales of the Kohler Die & Specialty Company.
The third butter churn from the left added a wooden support handle however the threads on the lid were much less substantial. This was the only one of the four Home Butter Makers that had embossing on the glass jar although it was very faint. It read KOHLER DIE & SPECIALTY CO. DEKALB, ILLS. The gear was stamped THE HOME BUTTER MAKER TRADEMARK U.S.A. but no manufacturer, city or state was listed This butter churn was a two quart capacity and the Kohler catalog referred to it as a number 2 model. The same catalog showed a number 4 model that was four quart capacity, used a similar top but the glass jar was square. We have no indication that Sears, Roebuck and Company ever sold this style of Home Butter Maker but it was advertised in a popular dairy magazine in August of 1921. The manufacturer was again listed as the Kohler Die & Specialty Company of Dekalb, Illinois. They were offered in two and four quart sizes with the two quart priced at $1.95 and the four quart at $2.80. The very next month, in the same magazine, the price was dropped to $1.50 for the two quart and $2.00 for the four quart.
The butter churn on the right was the most modern of the four Home Butter Makers and utilized similar construction but the treads were much more substantial and it was on a square, sloped shoulder jar. This was a two quart size and the paddle has been angled to fit inside the square jar. The large gear was still marked THE HOME BUTTER MAKER TRADEMARK U.S.A. and again there was no manufacturer, city or state listed. The glass jar is only embossed 2 QT.
These are all Elgin butter churns that were sold by Sears. The first two churns are 2 and 4 quart Elgin butter churns with a Dazey style unmarked top. This style predated the blue handled one discussed below. The paper label on the four quart churn says; "Elgin Butter Churn Mixer and Whipper" and also has the Good Housekeeping Seal. The Good Housekeeping Seal first appeared in 1909. This earlier style was sold by Sears and Roebuck in their 1922 fall catalog and replaced the Home Butter Maker (discussed above). That year they were listed in only a one gallon size costing $1.98 which was 26 percent less than the Home Butter Maker they replaced. In the 1926 Sears catalog they were offered in 2, 3 and 4 quart sizes costing $1.30, $1.55 and $1.95. In the 1926-27 catalog they were offered in 2, 4 and 6 quart sizes but in 1927 the sizes were 4, 6 and 8 quart. Starting in the 1928-29 Sears catalog the sizes were 2, 4, 6 and 8 quart, which remained through out the run of this churn. Starting in the 1932 Sears catalog they were referred to as Elgin butter churns. During this period the glass jars were high shouldered and embossed with the quart size and QT., the paddles had four maple blades and the lids had the round, non-removable screen although in some years the catalog stated that this feature was not offered on the 2 quart size. Standard Churn Company advertisements from January 1922 announced that the perforated screen in the jar lid was a new feature. Interestingly this was the same time that the Dazey Churn and Manufacturing Company introduced there patented lid with a screen. In the 1935-36 Sears catalog for fall these butter churns were still sold however the jars were now the sloping shouldered style. In the 1936-37 Sears catalog a four quart cost $1.95, less than the price when it was introduced in 1922. This butter churn was replaced by the Elgin butter churn with a blue slanting handhold in the 1939-40 Sears catalog however it reappeared for a short period in the 1945-46 Sears catalog. At that point the jar was the sloping shouldered square jar, the dasher had two maple blades instead of four and the label now called it a Farm Master. At that time they were only offered in four and eight quart sizes and were priced at $2.29 and $3.75. This return of the older style churn could have been related to the end of WWII and availability of raw materials.
The third butter churn is a 2 quart Elgin. This model has a distinctive slanting blue handle. This butter churn still has its original paper label that reads "ELGIN Guaranteed Highest Quality For The Modern Dairyman". Typically Elgin butter churns will have no manufacturer's information on the glass or the metal. When the label washes off the churns are unmarked. The fourth butter churn shown above is the same style in a 6 quart size. One characteristic of Elgin churns is the tops have a round, non-removable screen. The jars will usually be embossed with the quart size and QT. The paddles had four maple blades. These butter churns were sold in 2, 4, 6 and 8 quart sizes. They appeared in the fall 1939-40 through 1942-43 Sears catalogs. The six quart was priced at $2.29 in the 1939-40 catalog and $2.49 in the fall winter catalog of 1942-43. The two quart was 98 cents and $1.19 in the same catalogs. Sears offered no churns for sale in their 1944 catalog due to a shortage of critical materials and manufacturing facilities being used in the war effort. Interestingly in the 1945-46 Sears catalog this butter churn was no longer listed and was replaced by the previously sold butter churn with the Dazey style unmarked top discussed above. Most likely this was also due to material availability due to World War II.
The advertisements for both of these styles of Elgin butter churns promoted the use of hard wood, maple dashers as not imparting a metallic taste to the butter. This was an attempt to make a marketing distinction to the butter churns sold by Montgomery Wards at the same time that utilized aluminum dashers. Interestingly Sears also sold butter churns with metal dashers. We have never seen a catalog listing for a one quart Sears glass jar butter churn.
Based on the instructions that came with these butter churns we suspect that the Standard Churn Company of Wapakoneta, Ohio made the Elgin butter churns for Sears, Roebuck and Company.
Both of these four quart butter churns were also sold by Sears, Roebuck and Company. Notice the slanting handle for the user's hand. We have never seen this style of churn in the Sears yearly catalog. The butter churn on the left has the label for the Elgin brand sold by Sears, Roebuck and Company. It has a paddle with two wood blades and a screw on lid similar to most other churns.
The butter churn on the right was called the Fulton Butter Churn. The glass jar was made by Hazel-Atlas and has K4249 embossed on the base. This was the same jar used on Dandy churns and the Price churn made by the Dazey Churn & Manufacturing Company. The screw on lid was not as substantial, also very similar to the Dandy and Price churns. The paddle was a single piece of wood like some of the Dandy churns. We have the original box this churn was shipped in and it was sold by the Sears, Roebuck and Company mail order in Boston, Massachusetts. The postal mark dates the shipment to 1940.
We have also seen butter churns with this slanting handle with a Montgomery Ward label. We are not sure who made these churns.
We are not sure of the manufacturer of these butter churns although we suspect it might be the Standard Churn Company. They have an aluminum paddle so one would assume they are more modern but the first two were sold in the 1922 Montgomery Ward catalog. They were offered in 1, 2, 3 and 4 quart sizes. Pictured above on the left is a one quart and next to it is a four quart size. In 1922 the one quart model was priced at 99 cents and the four quart cost $1.89. The top on the four quart has a round screen similar to an Elgin butter churn while the one quart has no screen. The jars are the high shouldered type and are embossed with the quart number and QT. The bottoms of the glass jars use mold numbers similar to Dazey raised screen churns and Lightning butter churns with 559 on the one quart, 560 on the two quart, 561 on the three quart and 562 on the four quart. There usually is one other number associated with these numbers. These butter churns still appeared in the 1929-30 Montgomery Ward catalog but by then the one and three quart size were dropped and a six and eight quart were added. The four quart butter churn cost $2.39 that year and a similar churn with a wood dasher instead of aluminum was offered for $2.13. We have an instruction manual from one of these Ward's wood dasher butter churns that refers to it as the Standard Churn Merger & Mixer and states that these butter churns are "Used for Many Purposes By Both Farm and City Housewife". We have seen an instruction manual from the Standard Churn Company of Wapakoneta, Ohio for their glass jar churns which uses the very same phrase.
The two butter churns on the right are an example of the type sold in the 1933-34 and 1935-36 Montgomery Ward catalog. The paddle is still aluminum but now instead of being wavy with holes it has two paddles on a slight incline. The attachment is at the top and bottom so the center of the paddle is open. The lids still retain the round screen. The jars are now a low shouldered design and the only embossing is the quart size and QT. These jars are very similar to the glass jars on Elgin butter churns. These catalogs listed them in 2, 4, 6 and 8 quart sizes. A two quart like the third churn would have cost $1.29 in 1933-34 and dropped to $1.19 in 1935-36. A four quart like is pictured on the far right would have cost $2.19 in 1933-34 and $2.25 in 1935-36. The 1935-36 catalog boasted that these churns could make fine textured butter in 3-5 minutes.
The Simmons Hardware Company advertised a butter churn with a dasher like the third and Fourth churn pictured above in their 1939 catalog. The picture in the catalog showed a high shouldered jar and no screen in the lid. It was only offered in a one gallon size and sold for $1.95.
These three butter churns all have similarly shaped jars and were made by the Standard Churn Company (SCC) of Wapakoneta, Ohio. They are often described as tulip shaped jars. The first butter churn on the left is four quart and was sold by Montgomery Ward. This style top, with two red handles, aluminum paddles and the gears exposed (no red covers), appeared in the fall 1940-41 catalog on top of a square, slope shouldered jar. That year they were offered in 2, 4, 6 and 8 quart capacities with a four quart costing $1.74. The next version of this churn was as it is pictured here. The jar was now tulip shaped, the gears still exposed with no covers and the paddles were now wood. At this point the only sizes offered were 4 and 8 quart. The next version added red covers to hide the gears. The final change was the switch from the maple paddles to a wavy metal paddle (picture). This last style with metal paddles was advertised in the 1947 and 1948 Wards catalogs and still appeared in the 1953-54 and 1954-55 catalogs. The price for a four quart churn in the 1947 and 1948 catalog was $2.49 and in the 1953-54 and 1954-55 catalog the price was $3.29. After the introduction of the tulip shaped jars these butter churns were only offered in four and eight quart sizes.
The butter churn in the middle is four quart and was sold by Sears, Roebuck and Company with a Farm Master label. They were also offered in 4 and 8 quart sizes. This style first appeared in the spring-summer 1946 catalog. It featured this style top on a sloping shouldered square jar. There was a notation that year that this butter churn would not be available until March 15, 1946 and the cost was $2.29 for the four quart. In the 1946-47 Sears catalog the churn was pictured with the tulip shaped jar as shown here and the price was lowered to $2.08 for the four quart. By the 1951-52 Sears catalog the price was $2.95 for the four quart but the electric version for $16.95 was much more prominently displayed on the page.
The eight quart butter churn on the right we have seen in blue like this one or with red gear covers and handle. We have also seen them in a four quart size. We found one in a Sears, Roebuck and Company box however we have not come across a catalog advertising these butter churns. This style of butter churn was also featured in the Standard Churn Company's own advertisements.
All these butter churns with the tulip shaped jars have whey screens punched in the lid, "FILL TO HERE" and either a 4 or an 8 (depending on the quart size) embossed on the side of the jar and PAT. APP. FOR and SCC embossed on the base. We have only seen these glass jars embossed PAT. APP. FOR however the Standard Churn Company was assigned a design patent for this jar that was granted to J. L. Snyder Jr. on October 15, 1946. This patent was prior to the patent granted to Dazey for their jars of this similar style. The Sears catalog boasted of a scientifically shaped jar but the patent was purely ornamental and made no claims as to the jar's function or the science used in its design. The FILL TO HERE embossing was to keep the user from over filling the butter churn. Typically butter churns were designed to churn at around half of their capacity. A four quart butter churn would churn 2 quarts of cream. The recommended cranking speed was fast, usually 80-90 revolutions per minute.
During the same time that the Standard Churn Company was selling the more modern churns with the tulip shaped jars they also advertised an economy churn which is pictured above. They called this the Lo-Price Hand Churn. Dazey Churn and Manufacturing Company also used the same marketing strategy selling their Price Churns in the 1930's. The Standard Churn Company's Lo-Priced Hand Churn used a cheaper square jar, the handle was a steel rod, rather than a cast piece of metal and the lid and gears were much less substantial. They did have a strainer built in the lid and were only offered in a 4 quart size.
The butter churn pictured above with the wood jar lid and wood frame for the gears was also made by the Standard Churn Company. It even has a metal hook that allows it to screw on the jar. We came across one in the original box. The postmark dated it to the period of World War II. Standard Churn Company must have used wood for the gear frame in order to conserve metal for the war effort. During the war, Dazey Churn and Manufacturing Company stopped making butter churns but the Standard Churn Company must have utilized wood instead of metal to keep producing their butter churns.
By 1950 Dazey Corporation had purchased the Standard Churn Company and operated it as a wholly owned subsidiary. In fact Dazey Corporation even started to use Standard Churn Company jars and paddles on their own churns.
To go to the page with Dazey red gear cover butter churns with similar tulip shaped, glass jars click here.
These are Lightning Butter Machines in 1, 2, 3 and 4 quart sizes. They were patented on February 6, 1917 and originally manufactured by the Stewart-Skinner Company of Worcester, Massachusetts The patent was granted to Charles Stewart who was the president of the Stewart-Skinner Company. The patent dealt solely with the metal dasher and not with the churn mechanism or the glass jar. In the patent papers he claimed that this dasher design was simple, inexpensive and easier to clean. He also noted that dashers with four blades, which were common at the time, did not increase the efficiency of the dasher. Press releases for the Lightning Butter Machines noted that the propellers of planes and ships of the time never had four blades, rather two or three were the norm. This observation proved to be true since in later butter churns the four blade paddle disappeared and two blades became the norm.
J. S. Biesecker, a large dairy supply company in New York, advertised these churns in December of 1917 for $1.50, $2.00, $2.50 and $3.00 for the 1, 2, 3 and 4 quart sizes. The Stewart-Skinner Company sold its butter churn business around 1923 and these butter churns were then manufactured by the Reynolds-Brown Company of Beverly, Massachusetts. Eventually the Taylor Manufacturing Company of Wollaston, Massachusetts acquired the business.
There is no wood on these churns except for the crank handle. The paddles are metal. Usually the metal lids will be embossed with the quart size. It can be difficult to see, especially if the lid is rusted. Sometimes you can look at the underside of the lid and make out the stamping. Some of these butter churns will have a raised, round screen in the lid (click here to see a picture of the screen). They came with a metal cap that covered the screen. The versions with screens are not as common as the butter churns without screens.
Some lids will also be embossed with the company information:
LIGHTNING = BUTTER
PAT. FEB. 6, 1917
WORCESTER, MASS. U.S.A.
The glass jars were embossed with the quart size. These glass jars also had bottom embossing. The four quart often has 562, the three quart has 561 and the two quart has 560 and the one quart has 559. There also may be other letters or numbers. These possibly could have been mold markings. We have one Lightning Butter Machine that has the 559 mold mark and the Hazel-Atlas logo.
The glass jars on Dazey raised screen butter churns also use a similar system of bottom embossing on their jars, utilizing the 560, 561 or 562 mold marks (Dazey did not have a one quart in this style). The Dazey butter churns also had a K-G in an oval on the 2 and 3 quart churns. This is probably the makers mark for Kearns, Gorsuch Bottle Company of Zanesville, Ohio. Due to the similar mold marks the possibility exists that both companies contracted with Kearns, Gorsuch Bottle Company to produce their glass jars and similar mold styles were used. The jars are similar in size, shape and the embossing of the quart size. The Lightning Butter Machines just lack the circular embossing of the Dazey butter churns. Kearns, Gorsuch Bottle Company was in business until 1937 but was purchased by Hazel-Atlas in 1920.
Click here to go to the page with Dazey raised screen butter churns.