Butter churns that originated in Europe. Many of these butter churns came to the United States when people immigrated. The first two butter churns on the left are German. The first is one liter and the second is a two liter butter churn. Many German butter churns have the hand hold and the large gear in the same plane, where as American butter churns usually have the hand hold perpendicular to the large gear. The jars are usually embossed on the base with the liter size. They usually came with a paper label and did not have embossing on the sides of the jar. The open center paddle on the one liter churn is a style seen on many German butter churns.